What are common reasons for accidents on the highway?

More than 2 million vehicle crashes occur in the United States each year. Although many factors may contribute to car accidents, the following reasons stand out above the rest.

Distracted driving — By far the most common cause of car and truck accidents is distracted driving. Cellphone use is rapidly becoming one of the biggest distractions that modern-day drivers face. Other distractions include applying makeup, tuning the radio or eating while driving.

Drowsy driving — Driver fatigue is linked to more than 100,000 traffic collisions each year. People often don’t realize how tired they are when they get behind the wheel. In our fast-paced society, some people get by on little sleep and live in a constant state of fatigue.

Drunk driving — Drunk driving kills more than 17,000 Americans each year and injures thousands more. You do not have to have a blood alcohol content of over 0.08 to be a danger to yourself and others on the road.

What are some causes of traffic accidents in cities?

There are many risk factors associated with city driving. Common causes of car accidents in cities include the following:

  • Running red lights
  • Running stop signs
  • Design defects
  • Wrong-way drivers
  • Improper turns
  • Potholes
  • Street racing

What age group is most responsible for traffic accidents?

According to a study conducted over a 10-year period, two age groups are almost equally responsible for a majority of traffic accidents — teenagers and the elderly.

Teen drivers are usually inexperienced drivers with underdeveloped judgment skills. The combination of risk-taking and distracted driving among teenage drivers leads to many serious car wrecks and, in some cases, death. Young drivers tend to perform activities such as cell phone use while driving and may also race, drink and drive, or overload their cars with too many people.

Elderly drivers also are responsible for a large number of car crashes annually. Although elderly drivers are often quite experienced drivers, sensory functions become slower as the body ages. Reaction time, hand-eye coordination and failing vision or hearing are leading factors contributing to the incidence of car wrecks among the elderly.

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